Saturday, 19 February 2011

Mehmed II's Oath to Franciscan Catholic Monastery in Fojnica

Addressed to Angjeo Zvizdovic of the Franciscan Catholic Monastery in Fojnica, Bosnia:

"I, the Sultan Khan the Conqueror, hereby declare the whole world that, The Bosnian Franciscans granted with this sultanate firman are under my protection. And I command that: No one shall disturb or give harm to these people and their churches!

They shall live in peace in my state. These people who have become emigrants, shall have security and liberty. They may return to their monasteries which are located in the borders of my state. No one from my empire notable, viziers, clerks or my maids will break their honour or give any harm to them! No one shall insult, put in danger or attack these lives, properties, and churches of these people! Also, what and those these people have brought from their own countries have the same rights... By declaring this firman, I swear on my sword by the holy name of Allah who has created the ground and sky, Allah's Prophet Mohammed, and 124,000 former prophets that; no one from my citizens will react or behave the opposite of this firman!" (May 28, 1463)

The original edict is still kept in the Franciscan Catholic Monastery in Fojnica and is one of the oldest documents on religious freedom. Mehmed II's oath was entered into force in the Ottoman Empire on. In 1971, the United Nations published a translation of the document in all the official U.N. languages.



Ahdnama, 1463, kept in the Franciscan Convent in Fojinica - image source


Franciscan monastery in Fojnica - image source

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